Basic Scaffolding Components

A scaffold is a temporary structure acting as a stable, elevated platform for workers to engage in construction while also supporting the original structure. An array of parts are required to maximise the strength and stability of platforms. Below outlines in detail, the basic components of scaffolding systems. The list below covers more universal components across different types of scaffolding.

Basic Scaffold Components


Standards are vertical supports shifting the weight of structure and personnel onto Base Plates and Sole Boards. V-pressings sit on the exterior for Transoms, Ledgers, and other components to attach onto.

open end standard


Non-load bearing Ledgers provide spacing for Standards and connect to Hand Rail Posts.


Scaffold Transoms sit at right angles to Ledgers and secure adjacent Standards in a similar fashion. The key difference is the Transoms load-bearing capability and function as a support for steel or Timber Planks.

Truss Transoms are a heavy-duty alternative to their regular counterparts. Capable of high loads, they remain ideal for large-scale systems requiring substantial loads and bridging.

Ladder Transoms operate mostly the same, supporting boards on a scaffolding system. Their unique function is to provide an opening on platforms for ladder access.

Stage Topper

The Stage Topper sits atop Standards allowing workers to install a flat, stable platform on top.

Stage Topper painted

Open End Standard

As hinted in the name, Open-End Standards allow U-Heads on top to create a structure that can double as a shoring and scaffold system. Besides this extra purpose, components function the same as regular Standards. Open-end variants are a specific product of Kwikstage Scaffolding.

open end standard

Steel Plank

Steel Planks are the load-bearing platforms of scaffold systems. They allow personnel to complete elevated work. Each plank is held by the ‘T-seat’ on Transoms.

steel scaffold plank

Timber Plank

Load-bearing Timber Scaffold Boards provide an affordable alternative for platforms. The trade-off of strength and durability is present but not substantial despite the cheaper price. Many suppliers choose LVL timber for platforms as its design creates a lightweight yet sturdy surface.

Scaffold Timber Plank

Hop Ups

An additional component, Hop-ups provide builders with the opportunity to widen their scaffold platforms. There are one, two and three board Hop-ups, each capable of holding a corresponding number of extra planks.

Base Plate

Base Plates provide the point of contact between the scaffold and the ground. Screw Jacks & Standards slot into the hollow tube while the base acts to distribute the weight of the system. The plate is not an optional component, it is necessary for scaffolding to remain upright.

AUSF base plate

Sole Board

An extension of the Base Plates functionality, scaffolders use them on uneven terrain. Their surface area allows them to distribute weight over a greater surface area than a regular Base Plate could.

Sole Boards are especially important on worksites where there is a lacking of solid ground. Scaffolds must rely on the thick timber boards as a source of stability.

sole board pile

Additional Scaffold Components

Scaffold Tube

These aluminium or steel tubes (dependent on your preference) are load-bearing, much like standards. Fibril-wound tubes of glass fibre in a polyester (or nylon) matrix are available on the market. However, they are usually reserved for worksites in close proximity to overhead electric cables.

scaffolding tubes pack


Couplers are fittings connecting individual tubes together. They are primarily for Tube-and-coupler scaffolding where they connect circular scaffold tubes acting as standards and braces. The most common types include Putlog, Right-angle, and Swivel Couplers.

Double Couplers

For resisting tension and compression loads, these join Scaffold Tubes at right angles.

right angle coupler

Swivel Coupler

These alternate couplers attach through a swivel pin and connect tubes at any angle.

swivel coupler

Toe Board

Toe Boards must be on working platforms where materials and equipment are in active use. Their presence reduces worksite hazards by ensuring no foreign materials or tools fall off the platform.

It is a requirement that boards sit at a maximum of a ¼ inch above the platform and can withstand a minimum of 23kg of outward or downward pressure.

Kwikstage scaffold Kickboard

Access Tower

For use in large-scale construction, the tower provides easy access between levels of scaffolding. Bays can hold two adults side-by-side and are capable of reaching up to 10 storeys.


If you need any further insight from scaffolding suppliers, contact our team who will be happy to assist you.