A scaffold is a temporary structure acting as a stable, elevated platform for workers to engage in construction while also supporting the original structure. An array of parts are required to maximise the strength and stability of platforms. Below outlines in detail, the basic components of scaffolding systems. The list below covers more universal components across different types of scaffolding.
BASIC SCAFFOLD COMPONENTS
Standards are vertical supports shifting the weight of structure and personnel onto Base Plates and Sole boards. V-pressings sit on the exterior for transoms, ledgers, and other components to attach onto.
Scaffold Transoms sit at right angles to Ledgers and secure adjacent Standards in a similar fashion. The key difference is the Transoms load-bearing capability and function as a support for steel or Timber Planks.
OPEN END STANDARD
As hinted in the name, Open-End Standards allow U-Heads on top to create a structure that can double as a shoring and scaffold system. Besides this extra purpose, components function the same as regular Standards. Open-end variants are a specific product of Kwikstage Scaffolding.
Load-bearing Timber Scaffold Boards provide an affordable alternative for platforms. The trade-off of strength and durability is present but not substantial despite the cheaper price. Many suppliers choose LVL timber for platforms as its design creates a lightweight yet sturdy surface.
An additional component, Hop-ups provide builders with the opportunity to widen their scaffold platforms. There are one, two and three board Hop-ups, each capable of holding a corresponding number of extra planks.
Base Plates provide the point of contact between the scaffold and the ground. Screw Jacks & Standards slot into the hollow tube while the base acts to distribute the weight of the system. The plate is not an optional component, it is necessary for scaffolding to remain upright.
An extension of the Base Plates functionality, scaffolders use them on uneven terrain. Their surface area allows them to distribute weight over a greater surface area than a regular Base Plate could.
Sole Boards are especially important on worksites where there is a lacking of solid ground. Scaffolds must rely on the thick timber boards as a source of stability.
OTHER SCAFFOLD COMPONENTS
These aluminium or steel tubes (dependent on your preference) are load-bearing, much like standards. Fibril-wound tubes of glass fibre in a polyester (or nylon) matrix are available on the market. However, they are usually reserved for worksites in close proximity to overhead electric cables.
Couplers are fittings connecting individual tubes together. They are primarily for Tube-and-coupler scaffolding where they connect circular scaffold tubes acting as standards and braces. The most common types include Putlog, Right-angle, and Swivel Couplers.
For resisting tension and compression loads, these join Scaffold Tubes at right angles.
These alternate couplers attach through a swivel pin and connect tubes at any angle.
Toe Boards must be on working platforms where materials and equipment are in active use. Their presence reduces worksite hazards by ensuring no foreign materials or tools fall off the platform.
It is a requirement that boards sit at a maximum of a ¼ inch above the platform and can withstand a minimum of 23kg of outward or downward pressure.
If you need any further insight from scaffolding suppliers, contact our team who will be happy to assist you.